Mount EVEREST - Kilimanjaro - Mc Kinley

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Mount EVEREST (8848 m) Mt Everest (Chomolungma Goodess mother of the world) first climbed by Edmund HILLARY in 1953 location: Nepal, Himalayas(east); the peak is 8848m 29108 ft high. Copyright - 1992 Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc. Everest, Mount Mount Everest, the world`s highest mountain, rises in the eastern HIMALAYAS between Nepal and Tibet, about 160 km (100 mi) northeast of Katmandu. A young, limestone mountain not yet worn by erosion, it has two peaks, one of which reaches 8,872 m (29,108 ft). Everest is covered with snow except for its bare, gale-swept summits. Many glaciers, including spectacular Rongbuk, feed rivers that rise near Everest`s base. The mountain supports little life, although spiders and insects have been found as high as 6,100 m (20,000 ft). The mountain`s name, given in 1865, honors Sir George Everest, the British surveyor general of India who established the location and approximate altitude of the mountain. The Tibetan name Chomolungma means goddess mother of the world. Climbing attempts began in the early 1920s, and several expeditions came within 300 m (1,000 ft) of the top. Success came after the development of special equipment to cope with the low oxygen supply, high winds, and extreme cold. On May 29, 1953, Edmund HILLARY of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese Sherpa tribesman, members of an expedition led by British Col. John Hunt, reached the top. Since then Everest has been conquered many times, with the first successful U.S. ...

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