Referat TIBET FACTS Tibet is situated in the Himalayas, bordered by India, Nepal, Bhutan and China, with an area of 2.5 million square kilometers and is called the roof of the world. It has long been an independent country, dating for centuries. It has its own unique culture, with its own spoken and written language, system of government, costume, architecture and its own style of Buddhism. Now, Tibet is an occupied colony of China. Its capital is Lhasa. The political and religious leader is the 14th Dalai Lama, who governs in exile in India. HISTORY The peaceful Buddhist country of Tibet was invaded by Communist China in 1950. Since that time over 1.2 million Tibetans have been killed, 6.000 monasteries have been destroyed and thousands of Tibetans have been imprisoned. The Dalai Lama, Tibets political and spiritual leader, fled in 1959. He escaped to India, where he lives now along with the rest of the Tibetan government and over 100.000 Tibetan refugees in exile. The Tibetans continue to resist Chinese rule peacefully and nonviolently. What is nonviolence? The philosophy of nonviolence can be defined as the opposition to the use of violent force in solving conflicts. Violence is not necessarily restricted to crime, wars and conflicts between people. It also includes environmental violence and the violence in the media. It is something far more complex than just the raising of an arm or the pulling of a trigger. Since 1959, the Tibetan people have maintained a nonviolent struggle ...
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